Stazione Termini


Stazione Termini of today [1]

Stazione Termini is the main railway and metro station of Italy. It is located in the centre Rome, in front of the Piazza dei Cinquecento. This square is dedicated to five hundred Italian soldiers who fell into the battle of Dogali in 1887 [2]. Stazione Termini consists of 32 platforms and the two metro lines A and B. Stazione Termini is the second largest railway station of Europe, after Gare du Nord in Paris. It has over 150 million passengers each year. The total surface of Stazione Termini is around 225.000 m2 [3]. Fiumicino Airport, the most important and biggest airport of Italy, is located approximately 30 kilometres from Termini Station. The majority of the tourists who come to Rome by airplaine, will enter Rome via Stazione Termini. In 2016, Fiumicino Airport had more than 40 million passengers [4].

Stazione Termini has known several functions over the years but the main function of Stazione Termini, transporting passengers, has always remained the same. The central problem that will be discussed in this Wikipage involves the changing needs of passengers, government and leaders of Italy. Stazione Termini is the answer to this problem and a way to solve it. The central problem is visible in different forms. Based on the different functions and forms, the history of Stazione Termini can be divided in four periods:

- Period 1 Salvatore Bianchi (1868-1935)

- Period 2 Angiolo Mazzoni (1936-1942)

- Period 3 Montuori-Vitellozzi group (1943-1999)

- Period 4 Grandi Stazioni (2000-now)

In each period, the station had a different building style and appearance. Moreover, in each period there is another answer to the question of what the exact function of the station is. In a period of 150 years, Stazione Termini has experienced two substantial changes: from a local station (see left picture below), to an important building of the fascist regime (see right picture below) to the second largest railway station of Europe (see picture above).

Stazione Termini in period 1 [5] Stazione Termini in period 2 [6]

Sources


  1. http://www.bedandbreakfastroma.com/upload/inkam/20130424/stazione-termini-tSa-1000X500.jpg [Accessed 17 Dec, 2017]
  2. https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piazza_dei_Cinquecento [Accessed 5 Oct. 2017]
  3. Passini, G., & Pezzoli, G. (2000). Roma Termini. Bologna: Editrice Compositori.
  4. http://www.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en-/bsn-traffic-data?p_p_id=1_WAR_trafficdataportlet&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view&p_p_col_id=column-2&p_p_col_pos=1&p_p_col_count=2&_1_WAR_trafficdataportlet_tabs1=FCO&_1_WAR_trafficdataportlet_dataRif=201612 [Accessed 16 Nov. 2017]
  5. https://www.romasegreta.it/images/stazione_termini_antica.jpg [Accessed 28 Dec. 2017]
  6. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CxOo0vgXUAA4sjt.jpg [Accessed 28 Dec. 2018]